John f. winsto 2008-09-23 10:48:49
Subject: UFOs 101. June 16, 2004.
If you were to go to a college that teaches the truth about UFOs
you might find the following information on that subject.
Subject: Official History Parts I & II
Love and Light.
This world exclusive article will reveal for the first time the
se-ret history of the British Gove-nment’s early involvement in the
UFO issue, giving an insight into the politics and personalities
responsible for shaping official policy. The bulk of this article
concerns the post – w-r period, but to understand what happened and
why, we need to go back a little further.
The mysterious wave of airship sightings that took place over
America in 1896 and 1897 were mirrored by a series of sightings that
took place in Britain, starting in 1909. One of the first of these
so-called “scareship” sightings occurred in the early hours of 23
March 1909, when PC Kettle from Peterborough heard a strange buzzing
sound from above. When he looked up, he saw a bright light attached
to an immense, oblong-shaped craft, which moved at a fairly high
speed across the sky. Numerous further sightings were reported.
On 13 May 1909 an airship of about 100 feet in length was seen
over Kelmarsh in Northamptonshire, while on the same night two men
claimed to have seen a landed airship on Ham Common in London and
spoken to the two crewmen, who they said were German and Ame-ican.
The German asked for some tobacco for his pipe and the two witnesses
reported having been blinded by a searchlight during some of the
sighting. Another report of a landed airship concerned an event
that took place on 18 May 1909, on Caerphilly Mountain in South
Wales. The witness reported having seen two strangely-dressed
occupants who he heard talking to each other in a strange language
that he was unable to identify. A subsequent examination of the
alleged landing site revealed some damage to the ground.
The public perception was that these were sightings of German
airships carrying out reconnaissance missions. But there is no
indication that Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin’s airship program
was sufficiently advanced in 1909 to conduct such operations over
the UK. In any case, German airships of the period could manage
nothing remotely close to the sorts of speeds and manoeuvres that
were being reported. The British airship program was
significantly less advanced than the German one, so we do not
believe that the “scareship” mystery can be explained in terms of
prototype British mili-ary hardware with which members of the public
would be unfamiliar. To this day these sightings remain unexplained.
Further information can be found in The Scareship Mystery – A Survey
of Phantom Airship Scares, 1909 – 1918, edited by Nigel Watson.
Our reason for mentioning these sightings is that they mark the
beginning of official interest in unexplained aerial phenomena. The
1909 wave was followed by further reports in 1912 and this is where
our story begins in earnest.
There had been sightings of an airship over Sheerness in Kent and
with tension between Britain and Germany being so high, it was
suggested that a Zeppelin was involved. On 27 November 1912 William
Joynson-Hicks MP raised the matter in Parliament and quizzed the
First Lord of the Admiralty about the events. The latter confirmed
that reports had been received, but said that subsequent
investigation had not produced any explanation for what had been
seen. The First Lord of the Admiralty at the time was Winston
Sightings continued throughout 1913 and one consequence of this
was the strengthening of the Aerial Navigation Act of 1911. A Bill
was duly passed which set up prohibited areas. If these were
violated or if an airship failed to respond to signals from the
ground, it could then be shot down and to enable this to be carried
out, the W-r Office stepped up efforts to produce a gun capable of
bringing down an airship. The Wa- Office continued to investigate
the 1913 sightings, but drew a blank.
While the media championed the theory that these sightings
involved German dirigibles, some newspapers suspected that hoaxes
or hysteria might be more logical explanations, especially in the
cases of those reports involving sightings of landed craft and
occupants. Crucially, however, the Go-ernment was not prepared to
make such a judgement and continued to take the view that all
sightings should be investigated. If there is evidence that your
airspace is being penetrated by aerial craft one does not ignore the
data. Whatever one’s personal beliefs, anyone within go-ernment and
the mi-itary cannot ignore evidence of this nature and must assume
that they are hostile. If gover-ments investigate such things and
they turn out to be bogus, all they lose is a little time and money.
But if they ignore something that turns out to be real and hostile,
they leave the country vulnerable, as well losing the opportunity
to exploit it (e.g. copying the technology). This philosophy
underpins official interest not just in UFOs but in other areas such
as remote viewing, so in a sense the Wa-Office response to the
scareship mystery set the template for future official
investigations into UFOs.
Most UFO researchers are familiar with the Foo Fighter mystery,
which involved strange b**** of light and small, metallic objects
seen by both Allied and Axis pilots during the Second World War.
File AIR 14/2800 at the Public Record Office contains one of the few
surviving official British reports of these objects, detailing how
aircrew from Bomber Command’s 115 Squadron saw some of these strange
objects on bombing raids in December 1943.
What is more pertinent to this story is the way in which the Foo
Fighter sightings were viewed by the British Go-ernment. Perhaps
the best indication comes from Professor R. V. Jones, one of the
key w-rtime scientific intelligence experts and someone who is one
of the key figures in this story, even though his involvement with
the UFO issue is not widely known. Writing in chapter 52 of his
book Most Se-ret -ar, he says:
“We had already seen scares arise during the w-r by the
imaginations of men under strain interpreting fearfully observations
which had a natural explanation. KGr 100 pilots had seen red lights
over England. We had to deal with reports of Fifth Columnists
letting off rockets; and our bomber crews had reported single-engine
nightfighters with yellow lights in their noses over Germany at times
when we knew that no single-engine nightfighters were flying.”
Foo Fighter sightings, so it seems, were dismissed out of hand by
officialdom. Or were they?
R. V. Jones
As R. V. Jones features prominently in this history of
officialdom’s involvement with the UFO issue, we should give a brief
summary of his career.
He was a protigi of Churchill’s key scientific advisor Frederick
Lindemann (later Lord Cherwell) and Sir Henry Tizard. He played a
key role in anticipating and countering German technical advances in
fields such as radar, radio-beam navigation, V-1 and V-2 weapons and
the embryonic German nuclear programme. He was appointed as
Assistant Director of Intelligence(Science) in 1941 and promoted to
Director of Intelligence in 1946. He left gove-nment service that
same year, taking the chair of Natural Philosophy (the old term for
physics) at the University of Aberdeen, his candidacy having been
supported by Winston Churchill and Lord Cherwell. He returned to
gov-rnment service in 1952 at Churchill’s request, as Director of
Scientific Intelligence at the MOD, but returned to his academic
career at Aberdeen at the end of 1953.
During his govern-ent service Jones forged very close links with
the Americans, especially the C-A, who in 1993 honored him with a
perpetual intelligence medal in his name. When he died in 1997 the
CI- issued a press release containing eulogies from Director George
Tenet and former Director James Woolsey (This press release can be
viewed online at www.cia.gov).
Jones’ involvement in the UFO issue is not widely known, but is
documented in a number of sources, including the following:
1. Chapter 52 of his book Most Se-ret Wa-.
2. Annex V of the Condon report.
3. -IA Chief Historian Gerald Haines’ article C-A’s Role in the
Study of UFOs, 1947-90: A Die-hard Issue.
4. Private papers held at the Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill
A British Crash Retrieval?
Before we return to R. V. Jones, we will make brief mention of
how US journalist Dorothy Kilgallen alleged that the British
Go-ernment had recovered a crashed UFO. Writing in the Los Angeles
Examiner on 23 May 1955 she said:
“British scientists and airmen, after examining the wreckage of
one mysterious flying ship, are convinced these strange aerial
objects are not optical illusions or Soviet inventions, but are
flying saucers which originate on another planet. The source of
my information is a British official of cabinet rank who prefers
to remain unidentified.”
Writing in Flying Saucer Review (Volume 25, Number 4 and Volume
31, Number 1) Gordon Creighton, who had researched this story in
detail, made it clear that he believed Kilgallen’s source was Earl
Mountbatten of Burma. Indeed, it has been suggested that Kilgallen
picked the story up at a cocktail party hosted by Mountbatten in
May 1955. Kilgallen’s story has widely been dismissed as a hoax,
but as we shall see, other events may put her claims in a new light.
John Winston. firstname.lastname@example.org
Subject: UFO’s 101. Part 2. June 17, 2004.
This part discusses two books I have read about UFOs many years
In the immediate aftermath of the Second World War a new mystery
was to emerge, which again involved R. V. Jones. This was the
so-called “Ghost Rocket” wave of sightings that occurred in
Scandinavia in 1946. In chapter 52 of Most Sec-et W-r Jones is as
dismissive of these sightings as he had been about Foo Fighters,
believing them to be either “imaginary” or meteors. But a number
of personnel working in Air Technical Intelligence believed these
were sightings of Russian “flying bombs” and investigated the matter
Jones reveals how the Swedish authorities recovered what they
believed were pieces that had fallen from a Ghost Rocket. These
fragments were subsequently acquired by Air Technical Intelligence
staff and sent to the Chemical Analysis Section at the Royal
Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough. It transpired that an
embarrassing mistake had been made and the fragments were nothing
more than pieces of coke, but the story is interesting in what it
reveals about official interest in these sightings and the way in
which British scientific intelligence experts were able to acquire
the material from a neutral country.
The Westerham Incident
Chapter 52 of R. V. Jones’ book Most S-cret Wa- contains a truly
bizarre anecdote concerning the alleged crash of an object at
Westerham in Kent, in 1946. Apparently a signal was received from
General MacArthur’s staff in Tokyo, asking for confirmation of a
report that a Russian flying bomb had recently crashed in England.
The other Director of Intelligence on the Air Staff, Air Commodore
Vintras, suggested to Jones that this might tie in with the
The Westerham Incident started, apparently, with an irate call
to the Technical Intelligence Staff from a farmer called Gunyon who
wanted the Air Ministry to come and remove one of these “darned
contraptions” which had fallen onto his farm. The intelligence
officers asked for directions and were told to drive from Croydon
to Westerham, turning onto a lane when they reached a pub called
The White Dog. Amidst great security, two staff cars were
dispatched, but failed to find the farm. They located a pub called
The White Hart and a farmer named Bunyan, who strenuously denied
having made the call. This bizarre incident remains unexplained and
although it appeared to be a hoax, few people would have had the
wherewithal to get through to the Technical Intelligence Staff and
convince them to make a field visit. Indeed, the intelligence
officers believed that Jones himself had been behind the affair.
Is there a link between the Westerham Incident, General MacArthur’s
enquiry about a crashed Russian flying bomb and Dorothy Kilgallen’s
story? Could these be references to the same incident? Was it
really a hoax? If so, it was one that went to the very heart of
the British Establishment. As a final footnote, perhaps it is
worth noting that Westerham is just a couple of miles from
Chartwell, which was the home of Sir Winston Churchill.
We should never underestimate the power of the media, or its
capability to set the political agenda, even to the extent that it
can drive go-ernment policy. This is as true today as it was in the
post-war years. The year that ufology first really hit the
headlines in the UK was 1950. Prior to that there had, of course,
been coverage, but this largely concerned US sightings and the
reporting was often dismissive. But on 8 October 1950 two major
newspapers started a series of articles on the subject. The Sunday
Express began to serialize Gerald Heard’s book The Riddle of the
Flying Saucers (The book was subsequently published in the US under
the title Is Another World Watching?).
The rival Sunday Dispatch, a London paper, ran extracts from Frank
Scully’s Behind the Flying Saucers and Donald Keyhoe’s The Flying
Saucers are Real. (JW Those are two of the first UFO books that I
ever read. I think they contain a lot of truth.) But it was not
just the media who were clamouring for answers and pressing the
Gove-nment for action. Some very senior Establishment figures felt
that something should be done and lobbied on the subject, sometimes
openly and sometimes behind the scenes. Some of these figures were
quite prepared to express openly the view that some UFO sightings
might well be extraterrestrial in origin.
Earl Mountbatten of Burma
One senior Establishment figure who took an active role in this
subject was Earl Mountbatten, whose interest is well known to most
ufologists and has been widely documented, not least in Philip
Ziegler’s 1985 book Mountbatten: The Official Biography.
In chapter four of his book Flying Saucers and Common Sense,
published in 1955, Waveney Girvan reveals that Earl Mountbatten had
a wave of UFO sightings in America, in the town of Orangeburg. The
letter read as follows:
“These extraordinary things have now been seen in almost every
part of the world – Scandinavia, North America, South America,
Central Europe, etc.
Reports are always appearing and the newspapers generally try to
ridicule them. As a result it is difficult for any seriously
interested person to find out very much about them. I should
therefore like to congratulate you on having had both the
intelligence (and, incidentally, the courage) to print the first
serious helpful article which I have read on the Flying Saucers.
I have read most other accounts up to date, and can candidly say
yours interested me the most.
Girvan goes on to reveal that Mountbatten and the editor of the
Sunday Dispatch had a lengthy conversation about UFOs in mid
1950, which led directly to the serialization of Scully and
Keyhoe’s books, as mentioned previously.
It is also well known among ufologists that on 23 February
1955 it is alleged that a UFO was sighted at Mountbatten’s estate
at Broadlands in Hampshire.
The witness was Frederick Briggs, a bricklayer employed at
Broadlands. Briggs said that the craft had been shaped like a
spinning top, was metallic and about distance of less than 100
yards, Briggs estimated that the craft was 80 feet above the ground.
Briggs saw a humanoid figure dressed in what looked like overalls
and a helmet descend from the craft on some sort of column with a
platform at the bottom. He was then dazzled by a bright blue light
from the craft and fell over, where he lay unable to move, as if
held by a strange force. The craft then flew off at high speed.
Mountbatten took a personal interest in this incident, interviewed
Briggs and searched the area of the meadow over which the UFO had
been seen. He subsequently had a statement prepared, detailing
Briggs’ claims. This story was written-up by Desmond Leslie in
1980, in Flying Saucer Review (Volume 26, Number 5). Mountbatten’s
signed statement on the incident is held with many of his other
private papers, at the Broadlands Archive.
Another senior Establishment figure whose interest and belief in
UFOs is widely known and documented is the w-rtime Commander-in-Chief
of Fighter Command, Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding. He was as
outspoken as Mountbatten on the issue. Writing in the Sunday
Dispatch on 11 July 1954 he said:
“I am convinced that these objects do exist and that they are not
manufactured by any nation on Earth. I can therefore see no
alternative to accepting the theory that they come from some
We have learned from veteran British ufologist Emily Crewe that
when contactee George Adamski visited the UK in 1963, Dowding and
Mountbatten met him in London and subsequently took him to
Broadlands to see the site of Frederick Briggs’ 1955 UFO sighting.
Sir Peter Horsley
Sir Peter Horsley, who died on 20 December 2001, was a former Air
Marshal whose distinguished RAF career saw him retire as Deputy
Commander-in-Chief at HQ Strike Command. A chapter of his 1997
autobiography Sounds From Another Room relates to his interest in
UFOs and the interest of friends and colleagues such as Air Chief
Marshal Sir Arthur Barratt, General Sir Frederick Browning and
While serving as a Royal equerry in 1952, Horsley began a study
into the UFO phenomenon, with the full knowledge of the Duke of
Edinburgh, who was briefed on Horsley’s findings. Horsley has
said that the Duke of Edinburgh was interested and open-minded on
the subject, though keen that Horsley’s inquiry should be low-key.
Sir Henry Tizard
An Establishment figure whose interest in UFOs is less well known
is Sir Henry Tizard. Tizard is best known for his pioneering work
on the development of radar technology prior to the Second World War
and his various wa-time posts included Scientific Adviser to the Air
Staff. He returned to the Ministry of Defence in 1948 as Chief
Scientific Adviser, a post that he held until 1952.
Although largely outside the scope of this article, it is perhaps
interesting to note that although Sir Henry Tizard and Lord Cherwell
had once been friends, a series of disagreements over various policy
issues had ended their friendship and turned them into great rivals.
We do not say that this had any direct bearing on the subsequent
handling of the UFO issue, but their differing opinions on the
subject should perhaps at least be viewed in the context of their
rivalry. It was Cherwell who had the last word on Churchill’s 1952
enquiry on UFOs, telling the Prime Minister that he agreed entirely
with the Secretary of State for Air’s sceptical views. When it
comes to UFOs, the believer versus sceptic debate is as active
within gove-nment and the mi-itary as anywhere else, as is clear
from the books of those people (e.g. Ruppelt and Hynek) who have
been involved in official go-ernment UFO research and investigation
John Winston. email@example.com