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1 5th April 13:35
zombywoof
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Default What is Cyber-Stalking and it's characteristics. (bipolar disorder psychiatric anxiety psychology schizophrenia)


Zona, Pallarea & Lane (1998) believe that stalking occurs when an
individual's behavior is related to a cognition (a thought). To
possess the cognition is not enough, as it must be related to a
behavior to fulfil legal requirements. Many statutes require that
there must be conduct to be prohibited.

Vernon Geberth, a retired homicide commander and author of Practical
Homicide Investigation (1996) provides two broad categories of
stalkers. These are Psychopathic Personality Stalkers and Psychotic
Personality Stalkers. The following table outlines some of the
characteristics of each:

Psychopathic Personality Stalker Psychotic Personality Stalker

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Generally male May be male or female
Absence of mental disorder Delusions or delusional fixation
Targets familiar victims Usually targets strangers
Harassment may be anonymous Attempt to contact the victim
Usually some precipitating stressor Absence of precipitating stressor

This is a somewhat general and broad classification system on which to
examine stalking. The latter category usually implies the presence of
some mental disorder, and the individual may not or may not be aware
of his actions.

Zona, Pallarea & Lane (1998) and Zona, Sharma & Lane (1993) provide a
more comprehensive interpersonal typology based on the relationship
between the victim and offender. In studies with the Los Angeles
Police Department’s Threat Management Unit, Zona and colleagues (1993;
1998) initially categorized stalkers according to three basic
categories. The later discovery of a fourth covered those instances
where the individual claims that someone is stalking them in order to
assume the role of the victim. The results of the above studies
indicate the following classifications:

Simple Obsessional: These cases typically involve a victim and a
perpetrator who have a prior relationship. This group comprises the
largest of the categories (47 percent (Geberth, 1992)), and also poses
most threat to the victim. The motivation behind this may be coercion
to re-enter a relationship, or revenge aimed at making the life of the
former intimate uncomfortable through the inducement of fear.
Love Obsessional: Most likely involving no prior relationship. The
victims may become known through the media, or perhaps through the
Internet. Love obsessional stalkers comprise the second largest group
of approximately 43% (Geberth, 1992). A large number of these
individuals may be suffering from a mental disorder such as
schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. The most common type is the
individual who pursues a celebrity, which may be more familiar as the
"obsessed fan syndrome".
Erotomanic: These cases differ from Love Obsessional in that they
possess the delusion that the target of the behavior is in love with
them (lowest incidence in the Zona and Threat Management Unit study
(Geberth, 1992). Research would indicate that perpetrators are more
likely to be female, with the majority of victims being older males of
higher social status. Further broken into two categories of primary
(or pure) erotomania where no other significant disorders are present,
and secondary erotomania where the disorder is the result of another
significant, dominant pathology.
False Victimisation Syndrome: This group accuses another person,
either real or imaginary of stalking (Hickey, 1997) to foster sympathy
and support from those around them. The majority of the perpetrators
seem to be female (adapted from Zona and others; Mullen and Pathe,
1994; Mullen, 1997).
In erotomanic stalking, the “central theme of an erotic delusion is
that one is loved by another” (American Psychiatric Association, 1994:
p. 297). It would seem that erotomania occupies the dominant position
within the psychological and psychiatric literature, even though this
disorder appears to occur within the minority of cases, as will be
discussed. Meloy (1998) states that “stalking research was born from
the psychiatric study of erotomania and the psychological study of
***ual harassment” (p. 79), which could possibly explain why this
literature still dominates. A typology similar to that of Zona and
colleagues has been developed by Wright, Burgess, Laszlo, McCrary &
Douglas (1996), a group that includes several retired FBI officers. In
the development of their system, they studied 30 case reviews and
based their assessment on many variables including delusions, motive,
outcome, and risk level of the victim. Their results would indicate
two broad divisions: Non-Domestic Stalkers (with the subtypes of
Organised and Delusional) and the Domestic Stalker. This system
closely resembles that devised by Zona and colleagues in their
categories of Love Obsessional, Erotomanic, and Simple Obsessional
respectively.

It would appear that stalking may be a result of other clinical
problems, and Burt, Sulkowicz & Wolfrage (1997) present the case of a
23-year-old single female with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder who began
obsessively pursuing a male friend on the Internet as a result of the
disorder. The following exert outlines the pursuit:

“She had been spending approximately 8 hours per day monitoring his
communication with another woman and was unable to control her
compulsions, despite recognizing this behavior as abnormal…She found
that he logged on at the same hour every day, and assumed he was
having a scheduled appointment with an on-line partner…Discovering
that this was a woman increased her anxiety, yet the act of monitoring
reduced her symptoms…The patient then proceeded to find out other
information about the woman, secured the phone numbers of her parents
and called them in disguise” (p. 172).

It should be noted that this is only one case, and caution should be
employed before any generalizations are made. The above case does,
however, provide an interesting possibility as to the emergence of
stalking behavior in this particular individual.

It is important to note that stalking, exactly like any other crime,
behavior, or clinical disorder exists on a continuum of severity. The
stalking may be so subtle that the victim may not even know that it is
happening, or the perpetrator may have a genuine belief that “if they
would just get to know me, they would like me”, with no malicious
intent desired. Many cases of stalking do not even rise to extreme
levels of violence or harassment (Meloy, 1998). The severity of any
act must be assessed on an individual basis, and a careful assessment
made as to the likelihood that any activity would pass beyond a
non-criminal threshold.

Extracted and quoted from
http://www.crimelibrary.com/criminal_mind/psychology/cyberstalking/1.html?sect=19
..

Now what is at issue here is whether or not the accusations that are
often made in this group of stalking are actually stalking or not.
While I do not normally read the posts made by the person currently
being actively accused of stalking, the ones that I have read make no
reference to any type of actions that would pass beyond a non-criminal
threshold. To my knowledge the person in question has never made any
mentions of threats of violence or the advocation of violence.

Now this is not the case of another individual who is currently
enjoying a more robust following the normal. This person on more then
one occasion has made threats of violence as well as threats of
retaliation. These activities much more closely follow the passing
into a criminal threshold.

--

ZombyWoof

The wages of sin are death, but after taxes are taken out,
it's just a tired feeling.
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2 5th April 13:35
gigglz
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Posts: 1
Default What is Cyber-Stalking and it's characteristics.


Thank you, ZW.
Having LIVED this horror...it was appreciated.

Hugs,

Nada
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3 5th April 13:36
ronnie
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Default What is Cyber-Stalking and it's characteristics.


Thank you for this explaination... It is hard for me to fully comprehend ppl
like
this. I live in a very sheltered life and always have..

Ronnie
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4 5th April 13:36
gigglz
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Default What is Cyber-Stalking and it's characteristics.


You're probably better off not comprehending them.
My experience was horrid, and life changing.
Stay in your sheltered life, sweetie!!

Hugs,

Nada
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5 9th April 23:51
zombywoof
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Default What is Cyber-Stalking and it's characteristics.


I am very discontented that you had to live through something like
this. My goal was not to dredge up the horror that can surround a
situation such as this, but to give those who love to scream stalker a
better understanding of exactly what a stalker is from a law
enforcement perspective.

Simply posting a response, even a canned one, after a post is not
stalking. As this article points out the majority of substantiated
stalking incidents are based on a real and/or perceived personal relationship gone bad.

--

ZombyWoof

The wages of sin are death, but after taxes are taken out,
it's just a tired feeling.
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6 9th April 23:52
gigglz
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Posts: 1
Default What is Cyber-Stalking and it's characteristics. (down)


You didn't "dredge up the horror"...you only helped me understand it better.
I really appreciated that. Thanks for caring, ZW!!


Yes, I see that. Posting a response isn't stalking. Invading their life,
is. Bombing them with viruses and spam and following them all over the
internet into different groups and flaming them wherever they go, is.
And...threatening their life and the lives of their family, is. Hunting
them down, and making calls to business contacts, is. And it goes on and
on. :-(
This was very interesting.

Hugs,

Nada
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7 9th April 23:52
mr. rack jite
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Default What is Cyber-Stalking and it's characteristics.


There you go. Good for you Gigglz to stand up to this lie.

----
"Here in Texas, art is the guy who lives on the corner
and literature what the NRA leaves in your mailbox."
http://rackjite.com
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8 9th April 23:53
ronnie
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Posts: 1
Default What is Cyber-Stalking and it's characteristics.


This stalking issue is very interesting to me. Nada living through the
emotional pain
and possibly making her physical pain worse is very sad to me. But RJ where
is the *Lie* that you talked about here? Am I missing something? I am so
very sorry
that things like what happened , happened and is still happening? No dont
answer
just accept my (((((hug)))))

Ronnie
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9 9th April 23:53
gigglz
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Posts: 1
Default What is Cyber-Stalking and it's characteristics.


I can assure anyone and everyone that I was merely expressing my own
experience...and not talking out of the sides of my mouth, nor making any
reference to a "lie". If I have something to say, I say it directly and not
through insinuations. I did not see the post regarding the "lie" except
via this post...or I would have replied directly to it. It must be in my
killfile.

Hey Ronnie...were those hugs for me? If so, thank you :-)

Hugs to you, too.

Nada
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10 9th April 23:54
ronnie
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Posts: 1
Default What is Cyber-Stalking and it's characteristics. (throat)


Of course to you Nada...I have a funny feeling in my throat when I try to
choke
back tears and this is what I am feeling now. The lie statement came from
JR
and I think he misunderstood what you said. You were agreeing with what was
posted about stalking... I dont know why he thought you were agreeing to the
lie about stalking or whatever and I wish he would explain what he said and
meant.

Hugs *Brave Woman*

Ronnie
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