26th February 06:13
Gentlemen of Gravity and Remote Force Interest,
The following content is posted with a request for comments. The only goal
is to obtain
rational reviews with "specificity" regarding individual issues within the
The favored return e-mail address is given below.
Email responses will not be published or posted without the authors
Respondents that may be aware of other causal system models known to
provide field propulsion are requested to provide links to the content.
The complete paper is available at the web page "Creation of Momentum".
Point Source Systems
The Point Source System exists when some types of matter exhibit a divergent
flow of certain subspectra of radiation and appear as an above ambient
source. An example of this point source system is the electron. All matter
is a confluence of convergent and divergent flow but electric charges are a
form of matter which exhibit mutual repulsion forces caused by their
divergent flow. Visualizing the dual force (attraction and repulsion)
features of the following electrostatic and magnetic systems, may be aided
by first reviewing the dual circular polarization features of all radiation.
Additional description of this model's magnetic field system with opposing
circular polarization is available at the section "Magnetism as Radiant
Electrostatic Force System
A Point Source System The E field force system is seen to operate as a
point source system. The Pe spectrum is an isotropic non EM sub spectrum of
the prime background radiation and exists at a given ambient spectral
density throughout all of space. It is recognized that no static force will
be associated with the free space Pe spectrum, because the spectrum is
isotropic. The E vector force field only exists in areas of unbalanced Pe
(read as P sub e) spectral flow. In the same manner the G vector force field
(gravity) only exists in areas of unbalanced Pg spectral flow.
In this model it is important to emphasize the difference between the
isotropic radiation flow (scalar field, no force ), and the unbalanced
radiation flow (gradient field, force field and potential energy). The prior
sections of this paper related to this section on Electrostatics are;...
Heat Flow ****ogy
and The Electron. http://home.netcom.com/~sbyers11/grav11E.htm#50.5
The free space electron sinks its signature spectrum from the prime
background radiation and is thus able to function as an above ambient point
source of E spectrum radiation; (not "EM" radiation). Since its divergent
static E intensity is above the ambient isotropic Prime Electrostatic (Pe)
field, this type of unbalance gives it the ability to repel other electrons.
Fourier transforms and/or the algebra of super-positional signal mixing
indicate that a point (wave structure) that is a source in one spectrum must
be an above ambient sink in some other harmonic wavelengths.
Neutral matter contains a population of electrons, yet it does not radiate
an E field above the ambient Pe field of space. Uncharged matter is at the
same level of Pe radiation density as ambient space. Only free electrons or
negatively charged matter exhibit as a source intensity above the ambient Pe
field radiation. This steady E vector radiation flow is a field of force but
it does not propagate energy in the manner that appears to occurs with EM
radiation. The fact that EM radiation is able to cause the manifestation of
energy at remote locations,... and the Prime radiation spectra do not,... is
one major distinguishing difference between the two separate forms of
Ionized matter (positive charge) has an electron population below ambient
(neutral), and appears as a sink for ambient E field radiation. Since a
point sink or a point source exhibit flows that may converge from , or
diverge to the isotropic ambient Pe plenum, it is seen that an unbalanced E
flow exists for either case, which is necessary to manifest both attracting
and repelling force fields. It is also of note that, since a positive charge
is a sink in the Pe spectrum, it must also be an above ambient point source
in other prime sub spectra.
This suggests that the E field flow between negative and positive charge is
solinoidal, and is ****ogous to the solenoidal B spectral flow between
magnetic poles. The measurable E force radiation diverging from the negative
charge provides the necessary convergent E flow for the positive charge. In
return, the unrecognized divergent Prime spectra ,Pf, of the positive charge
(ion) provides the necessary excess convergent flow for the negative charge.
The source - sink - source cycle for each type of charge is satisfied when
they join together and become a neutral particle.
The image of Electrostatic E field Lines
http://home.netcom.com/~sbyers11/images.htm#E_FieldLinesImage provides a
demonstration of this source-sink-source cycle. When joining (de-ionization)
occurs the E fields convergent (+) and divergent (-) radiation flows decay
to nothing, in the space exterior to the particle or conductor.
The above free electron system is seen to be very similar to the sink source
system proposed for radium. Each of the following are examples of the sink
Radium sinks its signature spectra from the prime background radiation and
provides a source for heat, gamma radiation and particles.
Free electrons sink their signature spectra and provide a source for E field
A resistor with current flow is a source for heat. Poynting's vector
equations of the E and B fields show the resistor is a sink for EM energy
from the space around the resistor.
Photoelectric cells sink solar radiation and provide a source for E field
radiation. The E field exists and demonstrates as a flow of current in the
Conduction as Events
In a closed semi-conductor circuit with a DC voltage source, let Maxwell's
demon operate a switch that will let one electron through at a time. With no
conduction we have a negative charge (E source) on one side of the
switch,...and a positive charge (E sink) on the other. When our demon at the
switch allows one electron through,...it immediately joins with a positive
ion (hole) and neutralizes it. This extinguishes one source and one sink of
E force radiation. Since we only have one free electron in this all
semi-conductor circuit, the battery EMF must ionize successive atoms to
propagate the electron around the circuit and back to the switch. This will
result in a hole (sink) reappearing in the positive side of the switch. If
the E field flow emanating from the electron were visible, it could be seen
that the E light was flickering on and off as the electron jumped from one
atom to the next positive ion. The discreet event characteristic of
conduction is also evident in the process of electrolysis. The ionization
steps within a conductor may not be as energetic as the ionization of
electrolysis or photo emission but the discreet E force field change is
necessary for each type.
The degree of mechanical accuracy in this DC conduction scenario is not the
issue. The point to be highlighted,.. is that conduction, when viewed as
discrete events of ionization and neutralization, will produce an
intermittent E field, which is necessary to produce E field curl, which is
the steady state magnetic line, B. The current remains directly proportional
to the magnetic flux. This periodic step concept of conduction suggests that
the DC electron flow, in a high vacuum tube (no ions) and with no external
magnetic field,... may not exhibit a magnetic field or inductive reaction
or may only exhibit reduced versions of these phenomena. The suggested
reduced magnetic field effect may also occur for the conduction with the
process of electrolysis.
If the free electrons of the conventional continuous conduction energy band
model bypass all neutral conductor atoms on their way to the battery, there
would be a constant acceleration of the electron and it would arrive back at
the open switch and expend its eV energy only at that point. This would be
****ogous to the electron ballistic conduction and plate heating in a vacuum
diode or particle accelerator. This linear type of conduction would also
fail to exhibit resistance and energy loss along the conductor, e.g.:
Superconduction??. The conventional conduction model does not consider that
ionization takes place within a conductor. This radiation model does not
view the electron as a particle that can pass from one atom to the next
without any disturbance in the Prime radiation or the local E field.
This discontinuous ionization concept of conduction suggests that the
surrounding steady B field is due to the periodic existence of the E force
fields, resulting from the emergence and annihilation of free charges. The
light emitted from an LED is another indicator of the
ionization/de-ionization events. It is also recognized that the acceleration
of electrons, as in a magnetron and/or ionization, also provide ****og E
field disturbances that cause dynamic B fields. The fluorescent lamp
provides a good example of the AC disturbances of the E field created by the
ionization and neutralization process. In EMI interference tests the
fluorescent lamp is used as a source of broad band EM interference
radiation. Some interesting insights may also be found by comparing
ionization with fission and de-ionization with fusion. ***
Cheers, Stan Byers
510 651 0368
Gravity, Inertia and Radiation Web Site